If we think of the word Law, concepts like lawyer, trial or law come to mind. However, when we are not professionals of this discipline, it is more complicated to make an exact definition. In the first place, because perhaps we have never considered what a graduate in Law is dedicated to; Second because there are several branches that cover very different aspects of reality. At Criminal Justice Degree, we can describe the Law as “the system of rules based on ethical principles and susceptible to coercive sanction, which regulate the organization of society and the relationships of individuals and groups living within it to predict in the mass the harmonious consent of individual and collective purposes “. Well, a criminal lawyer is part of this entire conglomerate, specifically the crime branch. Let’s see what Criminal Justice Degree does.
The Specialization Course in Criminal Law is aimed at deepening knowledge, training expert professionals in the area, developing a specific and innovative thinking intertwined with the permanent change of knowledge, the renewal of teaching systems and the commitment to favour the integral growth of the subject that learns.
The Specialization Criminal Justice Degree proposes:
- Promote a field of training and production of scientific, theoretical and practical knowledge in the field of Criminal Law from multidisciplinary perspectives ranging from criminal dogmatics, criminology, constitutional law in its intersection with criminal law, criminal justice reform, interpretation of the penal law on the part of the judges and the sociocultural, regional, national and international problems, in which the penal system shows itself in a permanent crisis of legitimacy and effectiveness.
- To stimulate the comprehension and the finished knowledge of the penal institutions of the country through the intensive study and the permanent update of the technical scaffolding for the precise diagnosis of the current problems of the matter and the search of operative solutions for the daily work of the criminalist.
- Enhance their professional skills as technicians and experts in criminal law in procedural, dogmatic and special crimes matters.
- Generate practical insertion actions in the professional world that requires more specialized lawyers in the national and international level.
The general objective of the Specialization Program is to provide students with resources, skills and reflective tools for immediate application in the professional practice.
Articulation with the Master of Law of Criminal Justice Degree
Those who complete the Specialization in Criminal Law have the possibility of continuing their studies until they obtain a Master’s Degree in Law. The criminal law is a sub-discipline that regulates the punitive power of the State. That is, it deals with all those crimes contemplated by the law that has a penalty or associated security measure. The penal code must clearly establish which elements constitute a crime and which sanction applies in each case. As it happens with all the branches of the law, it is necessary to delimit very well what is a crime or not, because for a person to be condemned the judged actions must coincide with the description offered by the penal code.
What crimes does a criminal lawyer deal with?
But what crimes should a criminal lawyer analyze? Broadly speaking, criminal acts can have different natures:
- Against people and life: murder, homicide, injury, abortion, etc
- Against the heritage: robberies, thefts, fraud, misappropriation, etc
- Economic crime: fraud, money laundering, tax crimes, corporate crimes, etc
- Against the Administration
- Against public safety
- Labour crimes
- Sexual crimes
- Against public health
- Crimes related to computer science
- Defence of citizens abroad: extraditions and extradition orders
On the other hand, criminal lawyers can supplement their training with specialized masters in Criminal Law or shorter courses. The advantage of these courses is that they allow focusing on a specific part of the criminal: for example, sexual assault or cybercrime. So, they are a good opportunity to adapt your studies to what interests you the most. Are you thinking about choosing the right degree? Are you about to finish the race and are you especially interested in the criminal branch? Check the courses available and start making plans for the future!
The master’s objective is to offer specialized training that integrates the various disciplinary contents that converge in the criminal justice system, an object that corresponds to a need for comprehensive training for those who wish to guide their professional or scientific activity in this field. It aims to provide specialized and comprehensive training to graduates in law, criminology, psychology, sociology, political science and other social sciences related to crime in the different disciplinary disciplines of the criminal justice system, basically composed of substantive criminal law, criminal proceedings, criminology and victimology.
The complete approach of the referred disciplines of the criminal justice system aims, in addition to offering a general vision to future professionals in this field, to deepen and complement partially assimilated knowledge with some degree studies -b basically Law and Criminology- in the approach to these matters. Since it is an academic master’s degree, but also a research-oriented master’s degree, together with a deepening in the study of subjects such as substantive criminal law, the criminal process, criminology -basically theories of criminality- and Victimology through Criminal Justice Degree, it is also intended to train students from the perspective of research methodology. Thus, the purpose is also to equip them with those knowledge and methodological skills that, beyond allowing them to undertake the execution of a first research work in the master’s degree, introduce them to the implementation of a doctoral thesis.
The master forms specialists in the criminal justice system, so it provides tools for the implementation of professions related to the following areas:
- the formal criminal process (judges, prosecutors, lawyers or forensic psychologists, among others)
- restorative justice and criminal mediation
- services and victim assistance organization
- execution of criminal sanctions (as criminologist lawyers in prisons)
- researchers in scientific disciplines related to the criminal justice system
The Criminal Justice Degree allows initiation in research, allowing integration into doctoral programs related to the criminal justice system offered by the four universities that offer the degree.